Abstract-5 (July 2021)-Niharika Panda


International Refereed/ Peer Reviewed Journal of Education

Vol. 7 (3) July 2021, 36-47, E-ISSN: 2395-7344, P-ISSN: 2320-9526


Title: Learning Opportunities during School Closure: Exploring prevalence of Shadow Education

Niharika Panda, Doctoral Research Scholar (Education), Utkal University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. E-mail: 4niharikapanda@gmail.com

Laxmidhar Behera, Professor of Education, Research, Regional Institute of Education, NCERT, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.  Email: behera17@yahoo.co.in

Article DOI: 10.46704/pol.2021.v07i03.005


The COVID-19 pandemic brought every individual across the globe to a disjuncture. Learning is a lifelong process; here the concept of disjuncture can provide a basis for the lifelong learning process.  The present article focuses on the educational dimension which got severely affected due the emerged pandemic. The school closure across the world hampered the pace of growth and development of adolescents at large. The majority of learning experiences have usually been from the day-to-day schooling for the school going learners. The present article, an outcome of a research study explored the learning opportunities that secondary level learners got during the school closure session. This research was done by following a mixed method research design where the data were collected by administering a questionnaire. The participants of the study were the secondary level learners from standard IX and X (N=204) of three different blocks of the district Ganjam in Odisha. It is found that the learners had got a diversified learning opportunity during the school closure in non-formal learning setup. The dependency on out-of-school education as a support raised when formal classroom learning was absent. The causes for choosing private tutoring as shadow education were preparation for academic achievement and examination, self-motivation, overall learning experience in all subjects, school closure and COVID-19 pandemic, parental and peer influence and other. The paper discussed some findings in the light of textual evidence and outlined the implication of the research and scope for further research in this context.

Keywords: Learning Opportunities, School Closure, Shadow Education.