Abstract-6 (Oct 2020) Jhansi Jena, G.C.Nanda, & Sankar Prasad Mohanty

Pedagogy of Learning, Vol. 6, Issue 4, October 2020, pp. 43-50


Value Perception of Elementary School students with reference to Types of Schools, Level of Education and Gender

Jhansi Jena, Assistant Professor of Education, K.K.S. Women’s College, Balasore, Odisha, India. Email: jrjhansi@rediffmail.com

Gouranga Charan Nanda, Retired Professor of Education, Ravenshaw University, Cuttack, Odisha, India. Email: gcnanda2005@yahoo.co.in

Sankar Prasad Mohanty, Associate Professor of Education, Rama Devi Women’s University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. E-mail: spmohantyedn@gmail.com

DOI: 10.46704/pol.2020.v06i04.006


            The present research paper aimed to study value perception of students reading in different types of elementary schools in relation to gender and level of education. The purpose was to compare the value perception of boys and girls reading in two categories of elementary schools i.e., schools with special provision for value education and schools with no such provision. Causal Comparative Design was followed in the present study. All the elementary school students of coastal districts Odisha were considered as population. A sample of 284 students was selected through simple random sampling procedure from the elementary schools. Data were collected through a Value Perception Scale with fifteen major dimensions such as: commitment, truthfulness, kindness, sense of responsibility, aesthetic sense, service to mankind, devotion, obedience, honesty / gratitude, cleanliness / helpfulness,  pity/ sharing, gender equality, environment protection, scientific temper, and cultural values. As revealed, the schools with provision for value education are more equipped than the schools without provision of values education from the point of view of value orientation of students. Such schools are equipped both in terms of content, method and evaluation of values. Gender makes a difference in the value perception of the students studying in Class V. This shows the superiority of girls over boys in moral perception and level of education (Class-wise variation) plays a major role in influencing value perception of the students studying in elementary schools. The significant difference was observed between the students at different levels of education appeared to be justified in accordance with Kohlberg’s Moral Development Theory (1969, 1981 and 1984).

Keywords: Value Perception, Elementary Schools, Gender, Types of Schools.